Pan Lang with his courtesy name of Yuzhang, and pen name of Pan Gongzhao, Pan Guangzu and Ning Jing and Yang Yiqi, etc., born in Wuzhen, was a senior in the press and publishing industry, and a translator.
After graduating from middle school, Pan Lang became an apprentice in the Wuxing Qicheng Silk Weaving Factory because of poverty, meanwhile, he supported himself by writing articles for people. At the age of 18, he was admitted to the Zhejiang Military Training Institute. When the "1·28" Songhu War began, he strongly proposed to go to the frontline and join the war, thus was fired by the military. Initially he planned to participate in the anti-Japanese and national salvation organization, and then he wanted to walk north to fight against Japan, he was finally disappointed for the failure of the both due to some reasons.
In June of the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Pan Lang wrote a letter to the "Reader's Advisor" column in Shanghai's Shen Newspaper with the name of "Mr. He from Zhejiang" to expose the reactionary army and show his patriotism, and ask how to continue to struggle. And soon he was hired by the Shen Newspaper. At first, he was a proof-reader, and soon he was hired as an editor and participated in the editorial drafting of the newspaper. At that time, the salary was not high and the life was poor. Pan Lang wanted to improve himself and studied tirelessly. He studied literature, history, English, Japanese, and international affairs after work. In the summer of 1924, Xiao Li (Hu Qiaomu) and Zhu Jingzhou introduced him to participate in the underground organization of the Communist Party of China (CPC). In 1925, under the leadership of the CPC, the Shanghai Professional Rescue Congress was established, he was elected as a director, and later worked as the editor and chief writer of Hong Kong's Pearl River Daily and Hong Kong Newspaper.
After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, he served as a war correspondent of the Shen Newspaper, went deep into Yan'an and the front line of Eighth Route Army, faithfully reporting the Eighth Route Army's heroic behaviors. During the Anti-Japanese War, he promoted the anti-Japanese ideas in Hong Kong at home and abroad through the Pearl River Daily and Shen Newspaper (Hong Kong version). In 1940, he went to Chongqing to edit National News (Salvation News, founded by the Chinese Vocational Education Association established by Huang Yanpei and others). In 1930, he returned to Hong Kong and presided over the editorial work of National News (Hong Kong version) and China Democracy Alliance's Guangming News.
In the 28th year of the Republic of China (1939), he lost contact with the underground organization of the CPC because he married Christian Zhao Shufen. In January 1936, he rejoined the CPC. At that time, he was the editor-in-chief of National News and Outlook, and the Russian translator of Time Daily of a businessman from the Soviet Union. At that time, the progressive newspapers and periodicals in the KMT ruling area were successively frozen, Outlook was the only propagandistic issue held by the underground organization of the Shanghai Communist Party. In December 1937, he was sent to Hong Kong by the Party and worked at the Sing Tao Daily and The Commercial News.
After the liberation of Guangzhou, he participated in the preparation of the Nanfang Daily and served as the editorial board member and chief editor of the editorial office. In 1953, he went to the battlefield of DPRK. After the Korean Armistice Agreement, he was served as the head of the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee, State Council, and later became a commissioner, responsible for the research of external publicity and international culture. In October 1963, he was appointed as the Deputy Director of the Second Office of China Foreign Languages Publishing Administration.
During the Cultural Revolution, Pan Lang was severely persecuted, he suffered a lot and his family members were also affected by it. After smashing the "Gang of Four", Pan Lang and his wife were rehabilitated and resumed their work.
Pan Lang was born in poverty, he became well-educated based on his hard work and self-study. He mastered in several foreign languages, such as English, French, Russian and Japanese. Being honest and straightforward, treating others with enthusiasm and kindness, serious and responsible, and working hard, he has been engaged in the journalism and publishing industry for all his life. And there are a large number of his works and translations. But most of them were lost in the Cultural Revolution. The surviving ones from 1945 to 1962 include 16 works such as Vietnamese National Movement History, Today's Taiwan, Inside Story of Southeast Asian Countries and 11 translations such as Modern America, American Political Parties, and India Travel Notes.Keyword: