Born in Wuzhen on July 19, 1904, he was a younger brother of Mao Dun’s (Shen Yanbing) wife, a famous writer, publisher and literary historian of the New Culture Movement. His original name was Kong Lingjun, and his courtesy name was Ruojun. He was the seventy-sixth generation of Confucius ("Ling" generation). He went to an elementary school in his hometown Wuzhen, and to Jiaxing to go to middle school, and then to Shanghai to study in Shanghai University. Under the influence of the times, Kong Lingjing actively participated in the political movement, and engaged in worker education after class. He joined the CPC in early 1925 and was arrested when he participated in the May 30th Movement.
During the Great Revolution, Kong went to the Propaganda Department of Central Committee of KMT Guangzhou to serve as an assistant officer, and later joined the Political Department of the National Revolutionary Army General Command, and went north with the Northern Expeditionary Army. When KMT and CPC got apart, he was sent out of the country.
At the beginning of leaving from the political area to the cultural area, Kong Lingjing went to Tianjin Nankai Middle School to teach, and then transferred to Hebei Provincial Women's Normal College. He was arrested for "Communist suspicion" and then transferred to Beiping (now Beijing) Army’s Military Court. Lu Xun entrusted Xu Shoushang, Tang Erhe, and Zhang Xueliang of Beiping Army to intercede, and after a hundred days of detention, he was released from prison by Li Jiye and Tai Jingnong.
After returning to Shanghai, he began to engage in professional writing. He wrote books for the Life Bookstore, Zhonghua Book Company and others, such as Fusheng Collection and Qiuchuang Collection. He also helped Mao Dun to edit One Day in China; published essays and proses in newspapers such as Shen Newspaper · Freedom Talk and Modern. He edited Opinions on Letters and Diaries and Chinese Fiction’s Historical Materials. In 1924, he firstly used "Lingjing" as his pen name to publish works, and later it became his common name.
In the winter of 1936, Kong Lingjing served as the Director of Hua Middle School and founded Huaguang Drama College. It had had a certain impact in the cultural promotion of the Anti-Japanese War.
In November 1938, Kong Lingjing married his student Jin Yunqin. After the outbreak of the Pacific War, the foreign settlement was broken and the school was closed done. Kong Lingjing and his family went to the northern Jiangsu to join the New Fourth Army. After returning to Shanghai, Kong Lingjing edited five books of the large-scale Script Series for the World Book Company. Due to the obvious position of progressive thoughts, in May 1945, Kong Lingjing was finally arrested by Japanese gendarmes and tortured a lot.
After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Kong Lingjing joined the work of the Reconstruction Daily sponsored by the Third Front Army, and edited the New Literature, Today’s Literature and other publications for the Land Publishing House and Chunming Bookstore, and published important articles written by Mao Dun and Guo Moruo. In 1948, he entered Jiangwan Middle School to teach.
In 1949, people of China finally welcomed the liberation of Shanghai. He was excited, inspiring him to write. He published articles such as "Welcome the People's Liberation Army", "New Talks about the Old Things - Reminiscences of the Revolutionary Cradle of Shanghai University", "Here Comes the Day" successively. In August of the same year, Kong Lingjing went to Beijing to attend the first literary congress and made a special speech at the congress. Later, Kong Lingjing served as the President of Dagong Vocational School, professor of Cheeloo University in Shandong, General Manager and editor-in-chief of Shanghai Chunming Publishing House and other positions. After public-private partnership, he entered Shanghai Culture Publishing House.
In March 1957, Kong Lingjing represented the publishing industry to participate in the National Promotion Work Conference. After returning, he participated in the Shanghai Promotion Work Conference. After the “air one's views freely”, China soon entered the stage of Anti-Rightist Campaign and Rectification Movement. Although Kong Lingjing was not regarded as a rightist, he was a suspect, being heavily criticized in the following movements.
In 1959, Kong Lingjing was appointed as the editor of Shanghai Literature and Art Publishing House. At the end of 1960, he was preparing to establish the Editorial Office of Shanghai Publishing and Documentation Materials and served as an editor. From then on, the newspaper had never published his articles. In 1963, Kong Lingjing got a one-year-and-a-half creative holiday. He stayed at home to edit The History of the May 30th Movement, a book of more than 500,000 words. It was a pity that the book was not published finally.
Kong Lingjing retired at the age of 60. Although he did not work and stayed at home, he still could not escape the Cultural Revolution. He suffered from severe diabetes. In July 1968, Kong Lingjing was called for "talking" by the public inspection team of Shanghai Hongkou District, and he began his fourth imprisonment of his life. After being held for more than seven months, he was caught lobar pneumonia and eventually died on September 18, 1972 at the age of 68.
Kong Lingjing, has written Fusheng Collection, Qiuchuang Collection, Yongyuan Collection, Hengmei Collection, etc. In 1987, My Memory – Essays of Kong Lingjing was published, and there were some unpublished works such as The History of the May 30th Movement, Chinese Textbooks for Middle school, Loyalty and Righteousness.Keyword: